Overview[ edit ] The philosophical arguments in the abortion debate are deontological or rights-based. The view that all or almost all abortion should be illegal generally rests on the claims: The view that abortion should in most or all circumstances be legal generally rests on the claims:
Overview[ edit ] In ancient times, abortion, along with infanticidewas considered in the context of family planninggender selection, population control, and the property rights of the patriarch.
Then, as now, these discussions often concerned the nature of man, the existence of a soul, when life begins, and the beginning of human personhood.
While the practice of infanticide as a form of family planning has largely been eradicated in developed countries, birth control and abortion are still practiced; and their morality and legality continues to be debated.
While modern debates about abortion retain some of the language of these older debates, the terminology has often acquired new meanings. Discussion of the putative personhood of the fetus may be complicated by the current legal status of children.
Like children or minors in the U. Ireland, although this treatment was amended by the Abortion Act of in England, Scotland and Wales. For example, the labels "pro-choice" and "pro-life" imply endorsement of widely held values such as liberty or the right to lifewhile suggesting that the opposition must be "anti-choice" or "anti-life" alternatively "pro-coercion" or "pro-death".
However, these terms do not always reflect a political view or fall along a binary; in one Public Religion Research Institute poll, seven in ten Americans described themselves as "pro-choice" while almost two-thirds described themselves as "pro-life".
Such appeals can generate confusion if the type of rights is not specified whether civilnaturalor otherwise or if it is simply assumed that the right appealed to takes precedence over all other competing rights an example of begging the question.
The appropriate terms with which to designate the human organism prior to birth are also debated. The medical terms " embryo " and " fetus " are seen by some pro-life advocates as dehumanizing  while everyday terms such as "baby" are viewed as sentimental by some pro-choice advocates.
The use of the term "baby" to describe the unborn human organism is seen by some scholars as part of an effort to assign the organism agency. This assignation of agency functions to further the construction of fetal personhood.
In politics, rights are the protections and privileges legally granted to citizens by the government.
In a democracy, certain rights are considered to be inalienableand thus not subject to grant or withdrawal by government. Regarding abortion lawthe political debate usually surrounds a right to privacyand when or how a government may regulate abortion[ citation needed ].
There is abundant debate regarding the extent of abortion regulation. Some pro-choice advocates argue that it should be illegal for governments to regulate abortion any more than other medical practices.
In general the right to privacy can be found to rest on the provisions of habeas corpuswhich first found official expression under Henry II in 11th century England, but has precedent in Anglo-Saxon law.
This provision guarantees the right to freedom from arbitrary government interference, as well as due process of law. This conception of the right to privacy is operant in all countries which have adopted English common law through Acts of Reception.
The Law of the United States rests on English common law by this means. Time has stated that the issue of bodily privacy is "the core" of the abortion debate. The landmark decision Roe v Wade relied on the 14th Amendment, which guarantees that federal rights shall be applied equally to all persons born in the United States.
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The 14th Amendment has given rise to the doctrine of Substantive due processwhich is said to guarantee various privacy rights, including the right to bodily integrity.
In Canada, the courts have located privacy rights in the security of persons clause of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Section 7 of that charter echoes language used in the Universal Declaration of Human Rightswhich also guarantees security of persons.Jul 20, · Women's rights arguments in favour of abortion.
of pregnancy rights that enables women to make a truly free choice whether to end the women's rights argument in favour of abortion goes. I have had a lot of people tell me this is the best argument about abortion they have ever watched. I don't take that lightly because usually when people talk to me about the show, they just tell me that I look overweight.
If you just want to learn how to make the argument to others, skip to The abortion debate has disconnected American politics like no other social concern. This political essay explores the debate from the viewpoint of the pro-choice argument.5/5(2). The more you know about the arguments in favor of or against abortion, the better prepared you will be if you must make this type of decision regarding your own pregnancy.
Gray Area in the Abortion Debate. The following questions are important to consider when forming an opinion on abortion.
Arguments against abortion declare it to be murder or immoral, but there are legalities and facts surrounding abortion and women’s rights that many critics overlook.
Here are a few. Abortion is in direct defiance of the commonly accepted idea of the sanctity of human life; No civilized society permits one human to intentionally harm or take the life of another human without punishment, and abortion is no different.
Adoption is a viable alternative to abortion and accomplishes the same result.