The forces of 'El caudillo' killedduring and after the civil war. Inside is no different. The church is as wide and tall as any cathedral, the distance from entrance to altar long enough to rival St Peter's in Rome.
At the helm were military leaders such as General Francisco Franco, who were conservatives in all essential respects. When the civil war ended, Franco was so deeply entrenched that the Falange stood no chance; in this strongly authoritarian regime, there was no room for political opposition.
The Falangea fascist party formed during the Republic, soon transformed itself into the framework of reference in the Movimiento Nacional. Authoritarianism[ edit ] The main point of those scholars who tend to consider the Spanish State to be authoritarian rather than fascist is that the FET-JONS were relatively heterogeneous rather than being an ideological monolith.
Franco was also the focus of a personality cult which taught that he had been sent by Divine Providence to save the country from chaos and poverty. University students seeking democracy revolted in the late s and early s, which was repressed by the grises.
Like others at the time, Franco evinced a concern about a possible Masonic and Judaic conspiracy against his regime. Franco continued to personally sign all death warrants until just months before he died despite international campaigns requesting him to desist.
Bullfighting and flamenco  were promoted as national traditions, while those traditions not considered Spanish were suppressed. All cultural activities were subject to censorship and many were forbidden entirely, often in an erratic manner.
This cultural policy relaxed over time, most notably in the late s and early s. Franco was reluctant to enact any form of administrative and legislative decentralisation and kept a fully centralized form of government with a similar administrative structure to that established by the House of Bourbon and General Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja.
These structures were modelled after the centralised French state. As a result of this type of governance, government attention and initiatives were irregular and often depended more on the goodwill of government representatives than on regional needs.
Thus inequalities in schooling, health care or transport facilities among regions were patent: Franco eliminated the autonomy granted by the Second Spanish Republic to the regions and abolished the centuries-old fiscal privileges and autonomy the fueros in two of the three Basque provinces: Guipuzcoa and Biscaywhich were officially classified as "traitor regions".
Franco also used language politics in an attempt to establish national homogeneity.
Despite Franco himself being Galician, the government revoked the official statute and recognition for the BasqueGalician and Catalan languages that the Second Spanish Republic had granted them for the first time in the history of Spain. The legal usage of languages other than Spanish was forbidden: The use of any other language was forbidden in schools, advertising, religious ceremonies and on road and shop signs.
Publications in other languages were generally forbidden, though citizens continued to use them privately. During the late s, these policies became more lenient yet non-Castilian languages continued to be discouraged and did not receive official status or legal recognition.
Additionally, the popularisation of the compulsory national educational system and the development of modern mass media, both controlled by the state and exclusively in Spanish, reduced the competency of speakers of Basque, Catalan and Galician.
Catholicism[ edit ] Although Franco himself was previously known for not being very devout,  his regime often used religion as a means to increase its popularity throughout the Catholic world, especially after the Second World War.
Franco himself was increasingly portrayed as a fervent Catholic and a staunch defender of Catholicismthe declared state religion. The regime favoured very conservative Roman Catholicism and it reversed the secularisation process that had taken place under the Second Republic.
Some official jobs required a "good behaviour" statement by a priest. A law passed in institutionalised the purging of public offices.
Only through silence could people associated with the Republic be relatively safe from imprisonment or unemployment. After the death of Franco, the price of the peaceful transition to democracy would be silence and "the tacit agreement to forget the past",  which was given legal status by the Pact of forgetting.
Civil marriages that had taken place in Republican Spain were declared null and void unless they had been validated by the Church, along with divorces. Divorcecontraception and abortions were forbidden,  yet enforcement was inconsistent.
Most progressive laws passed by the Second Republic were declared void. Women could not become judges, or testify in trial. Therefore he left the throne vacant with himself as regent and set the basis for his succession. This gesture was largely done to appease monarchist factions within the Movement.
At the same time, Franco wore the uniform of a captain general a rank traditionally reserved for the Kingresided in the royal Pardo Palaceappropriated the kingly privilege of walking beneath a canopy and his portrait appeared on most Spanish coins.Between and the end of the regime in , Franco’s Spain passed through several distinct phases of political, institutional, and economic development, moving from the original semi-fascist regime of –45 to become the Catholic corporatist “organic democracy” under the monarchy from to In what ways did the institutional legacy of the Franco regime shape Spain(TM)s transition to democracy?
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Reviews of books information on the ways in which the disabled were the argument that spain's transition to democracy resulted in an. The legacy of Franco. Forty years after his death, Spain still struggles with a dictator.
By Guy Hedgecoe. 11/20/15, AM CET. In defending the regime, Franco’s apologists can point to the fact that the republicans also committed atrocities during the civil war, killing an estimated 50, civilians.
And yet, the ‘banning’ of the colour yellow in public places mirrors precisely the logic of the ’78 regime which has officially erased the public memory of political repression. INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS.
Institution. Institutional Access. Shibboleth. Open Athens. Many bodies of those killed under Franco’s regime have yet to be recovered and buried. A new movement is making more information public about the period At a family level, Franco’s legacy has more typically left a mark of silence.
“Fear is still.