How a liberal learned to respect conservative thinking and accept the fact that, yes, the right is happier than the left By Catherine Caldwell-Harris Photo by Jessica Scranton What It Means When You Dye Your Hair Purple Should a something information technology specialist, by all accounts a competent employee, be able to dye her long, wavy brown hair purple without getting grief from management? That question was at the heart of the conversation at a recent dinner for a group of intelligent and age-diverse women.
Posted on November 13, by Scott Alexander I. Medieval Icelandic crime victims would sell the right to pursue a perpetrator to the highest bidder. Somali judges compete on the free market; those who give bad verdicts get a reputation that drives away future customers.
Law is a public good. If you steal my gold, I have some interest in catching you and taking it back, but no more than I do in catching some other poor shmuck and taking his gold.
This is the classic situation where economists usually recommend government intervention. Maybe you live in an area like Somalia or medieval Ireland without a strong centralized government. Gypsies living scattered in foreign countries have generally wanted to run their own communities by their own rules.
But something does stop them from trying to enforce them: So the Vlach Rom — Romanian Gypsies — organize courts called kris which enforce their sentences with threat of banishment from the community. Kris courts can declare the worst offenders polluted, ensuring their speedy ostracization from Gypsy society.
And since non-Gypsies are polluted by default, the possibility of ostracism and forced integration into non-Gypsy society will seem intolerable: The effectiveness of that threat [of ostracism] depends on how easily the exiled gypsy can function outside of his community. It follows that they are all polluted, unclean, carriers of a contagious disease, people whom no Rom in his right mind would willingly choose to associate with; when and if such association is unavoidable it must be taken with great care.
The gypsy view of gaije, reinforced by the gaije view of gypsies as uneducated and illiterate thieves and swindlers, eliminates the exit option and so empowers the kris to enforce gypsy law by the threat of exclusion from the only tolerable human society.
Amish also live under the authority of a foreign culture and have settled on a similar system, with a twist. The basic unit of Amish society is the church congregation; Amish settlements big enough to support multiple churches will have many congregations mixed together. Amish congregations are nominally democratic, but in practice Friedman calls them dictatorship-like because everyone votes the way the bishop wants.
This makes it a rare remaining example of a polycentric legal system outside anarcho-capitalist fantasies or Too Like The Lightning: Such a system can be viewed as a competitive market for legal rules, constrained, like other competitive markets, to produce about the product that the customers want.
Competitive dictatorship is the mechanism we routinely use to control hotels and restaurants; the customers have no vote on what color the walls are painted or what is on the menu, but an absolute vote on which one they patronize. They do encounter the same problem as the Gypsies: The Amish have some internal mechanisms to prevent this: Of course, you can still leave the Amish community and go join broader American society.According to Gallup, the happiness levels of Americans are at a four-year high -- as is, it seems, the number of best-selling books with the word "happiness" in their leslutinsduphoenix.com this writing.
Aristotle conceives of ethical theory as a field distinct from the theoretical sciences. Its methodology must match its subject matter—good action—and must respect the fact that in this field many generalizations hold only for the most part.
I have long called myself a social conservative. I think it is very important to have standards for behaviour (etiquette) and defined roles. The problems with this system is not that it exists, but the lack of flexibility and the value placed on them.
This is a pie chart. Note that you need the language of percentages and proportion here.. Pie charts always show %. Note that if you have two pie charts showing different times, then you may also need trend vocabulary.
Always remember to compare and contrast. Meaning comes from the pursuit of more complex things than happiness. Skip to content The Atlantic; Popular; Latest; There's More to Life Than Being Happy.
is just as relevant now as it. And if anyone can figure out decent ways for a Robin-Hanson-ian em-clan to put together a similar sort of internal legal system for its members, and can describe how cultural-evolutionary pressures would lead em-clans to tend towards any particular systemic details, I would love to read about it.